Namibia has a 2-7-3-2 formal education structure. There are two years of pre-primary school, which has an official entry age of five and is referred to as pre-primary program. Primary school has an official entry age of seven and a duration of seven grades. At the end of the cycle, students sit for the National Grade 7 Examination. Secondary school is divided into two cycles: lower secondary and upper secondary.
Lower secondary, which is known as junior secondary education, consists of grades 8-10 and culminates in the Junior Secondary Education Certificate; upper secondary, which is known as senior secondary education, consists of grades 11-12 and culminates in the National Senior Secondary Certificate (NSSC). In addition, Namibia has an upper secondary vocational education track that lasts three years (ISCED 2011 mapping for 2014 school year).